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It is a free upgrade to its predecessor, Windows 10 , available for any Windows 10 devices that meet the new Windows 11 system requirements. Windows 11 features major changes to the Windows shell influenced by the canceled Windows 10X , including a redesigned Start menu , the replacement of its “live tiles” with a separate “Widgets” panel on the taskbar , the ability to create tiled sets of windows that can be minimized and restored from the taskbar as a group, and new gaming technologies inherited from Xbox Series X and Series S such as Auto HDR and DirectStorage on compatible hardware.
Internet Explorer IE has been replaced by the Chromium -based Microsoft Edge as the default web browser like its predecessor, Windows 10 , and Microsoft Teams is integrated into the Windows shell.
Microsoft also announced plans to allow more flexibility in software that can be distributed via Microsoft Store , and to support Android apps on Windows 11 including a partnership with Amazon to make its app store available for the function. Citing security considerations, the system requirements for Windows 11 were increased over Windows While the OS can be installed on unsupported processors, Microsoft does not guarantee the availability of updates. Windows 11 has received a mixed reception.
Pre-release coverage of the operating system focused on its stricter hardware requirements, with discussions over whether they were legitimately intended to improve the security of Windows or as a ploy to upsell users to newer devices, and over e-waste associated with the changes.
Upon release, it was praised for its improved visual design, window management, and a stronger focus on security, but was criticized for various modifications to aspects of its user interface which were seen as worse than its predecessor.
At the Ignite conference , Microsoft employee Jerry Nixon stated that Windows 10 would be the “last version of Windows”, a statement that Microsoft confirmed was “reflective” of its view. In October , Microsoft announced ” Windows 10X “, a future edition of Windows 10 designed exclusively for dual-touchscreen devices such as the then-upcoming Surface Neo. It featured a modified user interface designed around context-sensitive “postures” for different screen configurations and usage scenarios, and changes such as a centered taskbar and updated Start menu without Windows 10’s “live tiles”.
Legacy Windows applications would also be required to run in “containers” to ensure performance and power optimization. Microsoft stated that it planned to release Windows 10X devices by the end of In May , amid the COVID pandemic , chief product officer for Microsoft Windows and Office Panos Panay stated that “as we continue to put customers’ needs at the forefront, we need to focus on meeting customers where they are now”, and therefore announced that Windows 10X would only launch on single-screen devices at first, and that Microsoft would “continue to look for the right moment, in conjunction with our OEM partners, to bring dual-screen devices to market”.
In January , it was reported that a job listing referring to a “sweeping visual rejuvenation of Windows” had been posted by Microsoft.
Microsoft began to implement and announce some of these visual changes and other new features on Windows 10 Insider Preview builds , such as new system icons which also included the replacement of shell resources dating back as far as Windows 95 ,  improvements to Task View to allow changing the wallpaper on each virtual desktop , emulation of x64 applications on ARM, and adding the Auto HDR feature from Xbox Series X.
On May 18, , Head of Windows Servicing and Delivery John Cable stated that Windows 10X had been canceled and that Microsoft would be “accelerating the integration of key foundational 10X technology into other parts of Windows and products at the company”. At the Microsoft Build developer conference, CEO and chairman Satya Nadella teased about the existence of the next generation of Windows during his keynote speech.
According to Nadella, he had been self-hosting it for several months. He also teased that an official announcement would come very soon. The Windows 11 name was accidentally released in an official Microsoft support document in June At the June 24 media event, Microsoft also announced that Windows 11 would be released in “Holiday “.
On August 31, , Microsoft announced that Windows 11 was to be released on October 5, Microsoft officially released Windows 11 on October 4, , at p. PT , which was October 5 in parts of the world. These boxed copies were made available on Amazon and Best Buy ‘s online storefronts. Upgrades through Windows Update are a phased rollout, and are distributed on an opt-in basis: Microsoft stated that they “expect all eligible Windows 10 devices to be offered the upgrade to Windows 11 by mid Windows 11, the first major Windows release since , builds upon its predecessor by revamping the user interface to follow Microsoft’s new Fluent Design guidelines.
The redesign, which focuses on ease of use and flexibility,  comes alongside new productivity and social features and updates to security and accessibility, addressing some of the deficiencies of Windows The Microsoft Store , which serves as a unified storefront for apps and other content, is also redesigned in Windows Microsoft now allows developers to distribute Win32 , progressive web applications , and other packaging technologies in the Microsoft Store, alongside Universal Windows Platform apps.
The collaboration platform Microsoft Teams is integrated into the Windows 11 user interface, and is accessible via the taskbar. Skype will no longer be bundled with the OS by default. Microsoft claims performance improvements such as smaller update sizes, faster web browsing in “any browser”, faster wake time from sleep mode, and faster Windows Hello authentication.
Windows 11 ships with the Chromium -based Microsoft Edge web browser for compatibility   with Google Chrome web browser  , and does not include or support Internet Explorer. A redesigned user interface is present frequently throughout the operating system, building upon Fluent Design System ; translucency, shadows, a new color palette, and rounded geometry are prevalent throughout the UI.
A prevalent aspect of the design is an appearance known as “Mica”, described as an “opaque, dynamic material that incorporates theme and desktop wallpaper to paint the background of long-lived windows such as apps and settings”. The taskbar ‘s buttons are center-aligned by default, and it is permanently pinned to the bottom edge of the screen; it cannot be moved to the top, left, or right edges of the screen as in previous versions of Windows without manual changes to the registry.
The “Widgets” button on the taskbar displays a panel with Microsoft Start ,  a news aggregator with personalized stories and content expanding upon the “news and interests” panel introduced in later builds of Windows The Start menu has been significantly redesigned, replacing the “live tiles” used by Windows 8.
Task View , a feature introduced in Windows 10, features a refreshed design, and supports giving separate wallpapers to each virtual desktop. The window snapping functionality has been enhanced with two additional features; hovering over a window’s maximize button displays pre-determined “Snap Layouts” for tiling multiple windows onto a display, and tiled arrangement of windows can be minimized and restored from the taskbar as a “snap group”.
If the same display is reconnected, the windows are restored to their prior location. Users can install Android apps through any source using the APK file format. As part of the minimum system requirements, Windows 11 only runs on devices with a Trusted Platform Module 2.
Like its predecessor, Windows 11 also supports multi-factor authentication and biometric authentication through Windows Hello. Windows 11 is available in two main editions; the Home edition, which is intended for consumer users, and the Pro edition, which contains additional networking and security features such as BitLocker , as well as the ability to join a domain.
Windows 11 SE was announced on November 9, , as an edition exclusively for low-end devices sold in the education market, and a successor to Windows 10 S. It is designed to be managed via Microsoft Intune , and has changed based on feedback from educators to simplify the user interface and reduce “distractions”, such as Snap Layouts not containing layouts for more than two applications at once, all applications opening maximized by default, Widgets being completely removed, and Microsoft Edge is configured by default to allow extensions from the Chrome Web Store primarily to target those migrating from Chrome OS.
It is bundled with applications such as Microsoft Office for Microsoft , Minecraft Education Edition , and Flipgrid, while OneDrive is used to save files by default. Windows 11 SE does not include Microsoft Store; third-party software is provisioned or installed by administrators. The Windows Insider program carries over from Windows 10, with pre-release builds divided into “Dev” unstable builds used to test features for future feature updates , “Beta” test builds for the next feature update; relatively stable in comparison to Dev channel , and “Release Preview” pre-release builds for final testing of upcoming feature updates channels.
Before the launch of Windows 11, OEMs as well as mobile operators and businesses were offered two options for device imaging: Component-Based Servicing lp. The 38 fully-localized Language Pack LP languages were available as both lp. With Windows 11, that process has changed.
Furthermore, these 43 languages can only be imaged using lp. This is to ensure a fully supported language-imaging and cumulative update experience.
The remaining 67 LIP languages that are LXP-based will move to a self-service model, and can only be added by Windows users themselves via the Microsoft Store and Windows Settings apps, not during the Windows imaging process. Any user, not just admins, can now add both the display language and its features, which can help users in business environments, but these exact options for languages both LP and LIP still depend on the OEM and mobile operator. These languages are either preloaded or available for download,  depending on the OEM, region of purchase, and mobile operator.
For each of the manufacturers listed, Yes is displayed if the language is supported or available for download in at least one region, and No is displayed if it is not supported in any region.
The following languages are available for download on all and newer Surface devices regardless of the region:. These additional languages are available for download exclusively in their respective markets, in addition to the above languages:.
The basic system requirements of Windows 11 differ significantly from Windows Windows 11 only supports bit systems such as those using an x or ARM64 processor; IA processors are no longer supported. S mode is only supported for the Home edition of Windows Original equipment manufacturers can still ship computers without a TPM 2.
Reception of Windows 11 upon its reveal was positive, with critics praising the new design and productivity features. Redmond Magazine. Archived from the original on February 20, Archived from the original on July 13, Retrieved October 13, Archived from the original on October 10, Archived from the original on April 20, Retrieved May 8, Archived from the original on January 26, Retrieved January 30, The security updates that could be installed are intended for Windows Embedded and Windows Server customers and do not fully protect Windows XP customers.
Windows XP customers also run a significant risk of functionality issues with their machines if they install these updates, as they are not tested against Windows XP. The best way for Windows XP customers to protect their systems is to upgrade to a more modern operating system, like Windows 7 or Windows 8.
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Beijing [u. ISBN CNN Money. Microsoft Corporation. Archived from the original on 2 December Retrieved 23 November Archived from the original on February 4, Blue Whale Web Media Group. Archived from the original on March 12, Pearson Education. Archived from the original on January 5, Archived from the original on April 15, PC World.
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Archived from the original on January 15, September 11, Archived from the original on February 9, Retrieved January 26, Archived from the original on September 27, Retrieved September 13, Starting with Windows ,  “NT” was removed from the product name and is only included in the product version string along with several low-level places within the system. NT was the first purely bit version of Windows, whereas its consumer-oriented counterparts, Windows 3.
It is a multi-architecture operating system. One of the main purposes of NT is hardware and software portability. NT has supported per-object file, function, and role access control lists allowing a rich set of security permissions to be applied to systems and services.
Windows NT 3. Its companion product, Windows 3. The full preemptive multitasking kernel could interrupt running tasks to schedule other tasks, without relying on user programs to voluntarily give up control of the CPU, as in Windows 3.
Notably, in Windows NT 3. In Windows NT 4, the video, server, and printer spooler subsystems were moved into kernel mode.
Windows NT also allows for other installable file systems; since versions 3. Windows NT introduced its own driver model, the Windows NT driver model, and is incompatible with older driver frameworks. Windows 3. This decision caused tension between Microsoft and IBM and the collaboration ultimately fell apart. Like VMS,  Windows NT’s kernel mode code distinguishes between the “kernel”, whose primary purpose is to implement processor- and architecture-dependent functions, and the “executive”.
This was designed as a modified microkernel , as the Windows NT kernel was influenced by the Mach microkernel developed by Richard Rashid at Carnegie Mellon University,  but does not meet all of the criteria of a pure microkernel. Both the kernel and the executive are linked together into the single loaded module ntoskrnl. Routines from each are directly accessible, as for example from kernel-mode device drivers. Windows NT was one of the earliest operating systems to use Unicode internally.
Windows NT 4. The first release was given version number 3. Also the Novell IPX protocol was apparently licensed only to 3. The NT version number is not now generally used for marketing purposes, but is still used internally, and said to reflect the degree of changes to the core of the operating system.
Starting with Windows 8. If an application is not manifested for Windows 8. Assembly language is avoided where possible because it would impede portability. In order to prevent Intel x86 -specific code from slipping into the operating system by developers used to developing on x86 chips, Windows NT 3. Both systems were designed internally at Microsoft. Only two of the Windows NT 4.
All of the other ports done by third parties Motorola, Intergraph, etc. Microsoft demonstrated a preliminary version of Windows version 6. According to Microsoft, it is a common misconception that the Xbox and Xbox use a modified Windows kernel. In reality, the Xbox operating system was built from scratch but implements a subset of Windows APIs. Windows 11 is the first non-server version of Windows NT to not support bit platforms.
Windows 10 version onwards supports ARM64 devices with Qualcomm processors. The minimum hardware specification required to run each release of the professional workstation version of Windows NT has been fairly slow-moving until the 6. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Microsoft computer operating system family. This article is about the family of operating system versions by Microsoft. For the version released in , see Windows NT 4. For the 3.
Closed-source Source-available through Shared Source Initiative. See also: List of Microsoft Windows versions. Business: November 30, Consumer: January 30, However, you should add only the drivers that are necessary to the boot image. You can control which drivers are added by using selection profiles. The drivers that are used for the boot images Windows PE are Windows 10 drivers.
If you can’t locate Windows 10 drivers for your device, a Windows 7 or Windows 8. In the New Selection Profile Wizard , create a selection profile with the following settings:.
Creating the WinPE x64 selection profile. Windows PE supports all the hardware models that we have, but here you learn to add boot image drivers to accommodate any new hardware that might require more drivers. In this example, you add the latest Intel network drivers to the x64 boot image. Download PROWinx Extract PROWinx Extracting the. You can also run the. This directory is temporary and will be deleted when the. With Update Retriever, you need to specify the correct Lenovo Machine Type for the actual hardware the first four characters of the model name.
To get the updates, download the drivers from the Lenovo ThinkVantage Update Retriever using its export function. You can also download the drivers by searching PC Support on the Lenovo website. The folder you select and all subfolders will be checked for drivers, expanding any. Right-click the Latitude E folder and select Import Drivers and use the following Driver source directory to import drivers:.
For the Microsoft Surface Laptop model, you find the drivers on the Microsoft website. Right-click the Surface Laptop folder and select Import Drivers ; and use the following Driver source directory to import drivers:. This section will show you how to create the task sequence used to deploy your production Windows 10 reference image.
Right-click the new Windows 10 folder and select New Task Sequence. Use the following settings for the New Task Sequence Wizard:. The configuration above indicates that MDT should only use drivers from the folder specified by the DriverGroup property, which is defined by the “Choose a selection profile: Nothing” setting, and that MDT shouldn’t use plug and play to determine which drivers to copy, which is defined by the “Install all drivers from the selection profile” setting.
State Restore. The task sequence for production deployment. In this section, you’ll learn how to configure the MDT Build Lab deployment share with the rules required to create a dynamic deployment process. This configuration includes commonly used rules and an explanation of how these rules work. The following instructions assume the device is online. If you’re offline you can remove SLShare variable. Select the Rules tab and replace the existing rules with the following information modify the domain name, WSUS server, and administrative credentials to match your environment :.
On the Windows PE tab, in the Platform drop-down list, make sure x86 is selected. On the General sub tab still under the main Windows PE tab , configure the following settings:. Because you’re going to use Pre-Boot Execution Environment PXE later to deploy the machines, you don’t need the ISO file; however, we recommend creating ISO files because they’re useful when troubleshooting deployments and for quick tests. On the Drivers and Patches sub tab, select the WinPE x86 selection profile and select the Include all drivers from the selection profile option.
On the Windows PE tab, in the Platform drop-down list, select x In the Drivers and Patches sub tab, select the WinPE x64 selection profile and select the Include all drivers from the selection profile option. In the Monitoring tab, select the Enable monitoring for this deployment share check box. It will take a while for the Deployment Workbench to create the monitoring database and web service.
The biggest differences are that you deploy the machines into a domain instead of a workgroup.